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Westminster Shorter Catechism

 

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Questions 41-60

 

(All citings from the Westminster Shorter Catechism 1643-1647 are under Copyright 1991 by BibleWorks, LLC. All rights reserved.   Used by permission.)

 

WSC 41 ▬ Where is the moral law summarily comprehended?

A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the ten commandments.(1)

(1) Deut. 10:4; Matt. 19:17

 

WSC 42 ▬ What is the sum of the ten commandments?

A. The sum of the ten commandments is, To love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind; and our neighbor as ourselves.(1)

(1) Matt. 22:37-40

 

WSC 43 ▬ What is the preface to the ten commandments?

A. The preface to the ten commandments is in these words, I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.(1)

(1) Exod. 20:2

 

WSC 44 ▬ What doth the preface to the ten commandments teach us?

A. The preface to the ten commandments teacheth us, That because God is the Lord, and our God, and Redeemer, therefore we are bound to keep all his commandments.(1)

(1) Luke 1:74,75; 1 Pet. 1:15-19

 

WSC 45 ▬ Which is the first commandment?

A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods before me.(1)

(1) Exod. 20:3

 

WSC 46 ▬ What is required in the first commandment?

A. The first commandment requireth us to know and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our God;(1) and to worship and glorify him accordingly.(2)

(1) 1 Chron. 28:9; Deut. 26:17

(2) Matt. 4:10; Ps. 29:2

 

WSC 47 ▬ What is forbidden in the first commandment?

A. The first commandment forbiddeth the denying,(1) or not worshipping and glorifying the true God as God,(2) and our God;(3) and the giving of that worship and glory to any other, which is due to him alone.(4)

(1) Ps. 14:1

(2) Rom. 1:21

(3) Ps. 81:10,11

(4) Rom. 1:25,26

 

WSC 48 ▬ What are we specially taught by these words [before me] in the first commandment?

A. These words [before me] in the first commandment teach us, That God, who seeth all things, taketh notice of, and is much displeased with, the sin of having any other God.(1)

(1) Ezek. 8:5,6; Ps. 44:20,21

 

WSC 49 ▬ Which is the second commandment?

A. The second commandment is, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy am a jealous , visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.(1)

(1) Exod. 20:4,5,6

 

WSC 50 ▬ What is required in the second commandment?

A. The second commandment requireth the receiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire, all such religious worship and ordinances as God hath appointed in his word.(1)

(1) Deut. 32:46; Matt. 28:20; Acts 2:42

 

WSC 51 ▬ What is forbidden in the second commandment?

A. The second commandment forbiddeth the worshipping of God by images,(1) or any other way not appointed in his word.(2)

(1) Deut. 4:15-19; Exod. 32:5,8

(2) Deut. 12:31,32

 

WSC 52 ▬ What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment?

A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment are, God's sovereignty over us,(1) his propriety in us,(2) and the zeal he hath to his own worship.(3)

(1) Ps. 95:2,6

(2) Ps. 45:11

(3) Exod. 34:13,14

 

WSC 53 ▬ Which is the third commandment?

A. The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord they in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.(1)

(1) Exod. 20:7

 

WSC 54 ▬ What is required in the third commandment?

A. The third commandment requireth the holy and reverend use of God's names,(1) titles,(2) attributes,(3) ordinances,(4) word,(5) and works.(6)

(1) Matt. 6:9; Deut. 28:58

(2) Ps. 68:4

(3) Rev. 15:3,4

(4) Mal. 1:11,14

(5) Ps. 138:1,2

(6) Job 36:24

 

WSC 55 ▬ What is forbidden in the third commandment?

A. The third commandment forbiddeth all profaning or abusing of any thing whereby God maketh himself known.(1)

(1) Mal. 1:6,7,12; Mal. 2:2; Mal. 3:14

 

WSC 56 ▬ What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?

A. The reason annexed to the third commandment is, That however the breakers of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgment.(1)

(1) 1 Sam. 2:12,17,22,29; 1 Sam. 3:13; Deut. 28:58,59

 

WSC 57 ▬ Which is the fourth commandment?

A. The fourth commandment is, Remember the sabbath-day to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy : in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, and hallowed it.(1)

(1) Exod. 20:8-11

 

WSC 58 ▬ What is required in the fourth commandment?

A. The fourth commandment requireth the keeping holy to God such set times as he hath appointed in his word; expressly one whole day in seven, to be a holy sabbath to himself.(1)

(1) Deut. 5:12,13,14

 

WSC 59 ▬ Which day of the seven hath God appointed to be the weekly sabbath?

A. From the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly sabbath; and the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the Christian sabbath.(1)

(1) Gen. 2:2,3; 1 Cor. 16:1,2; Acts 20:7

 

WSC 60 ▬ How is the sabbath to be sanctified?

A. The sabbath is to be sanctified by a holy resting all that day,(1) even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days;(2) and spending the whole time in the publick and private exercises of God's worship,(3) except so much as is to be taken up in the works of necessity and mercy.(4)

(1) Exod. 20:8,10; Exod. 16:25-28

(2) Neh. 13:15-19,21,22

(3) Luke 4:16; Acts 20:7; Ps. 92:(title); Isa. 66:23

(4) Matt. 12:1-31

 

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